Critical Challenges in English for Secondary Students
Revised Edition

This revised resource is a collection of 21 detailed lesson plans for infusing critical thinking into middle school and high school English. The teaching activities span many genres including novels, short stories, poems, plays, essays, songs and fairy tales.


Exemplars in geographical thinking

This resource contains eight critical challenges to engage students in thinking geographically about a wide range of regional, national and global issues. The lessons are designed to introduce six core concepts in geographical thinking: spatial significance, evidence and interpretation, patterns and trends, interrelationships, geographical perspective, and ethical judgment.

Leçons modèles de pensée géographique

Cette ressource présente un ensemble de huit défis d’analyse critique pour encourager les élèves à penser de façon critique en géographie en s’appuyant sur un large éventail de sujets et d’enjeux régionaux, nationaux et mondiaux. Chaque leçon illustre l’un des six concepts interdépendants essentiels à la pensée géographique : importance spatiale, appel aux sources et interprétation, constantes et tendances, interrelations, perspective géographique et jugement sur le plan géographique.

L’adaptation et la traduction de l’édition française ont été rendues possibles grâce au soutien financier du ministère de l’Éducation de l’Ontario.


Legacies of Ancient Egypt

In the nine challenges in this unit, students explore the wonders of Ancient Egypt by creating a museum exhibition. The activities include deciphering drawings of various aspects of Egyptian civilization; deciding upon the most significant similarities and differences between Ancient Egypt and present-day Canada; researching and designing exhibits about the wonders of Ancient Egypt; developing ads in media of their choice to promote the exhibition; and deciding on the most impressive legacy of Ancient Egypt.

Early Contact and Settlement in New France

This collection of six challenges deals with New France from early contact to the late 17th century. Challenges include examining drawings depicting early contact between Aboriginal peoples and Europeans; assessing the stereotyping and cultural relativism in accounts of New France; and examining the roles of fur traders and church missionaries.

Available in PDF format only.

Critical Challenges in Social Studies for Junior High Students

This collection includes 18 challenges in five areas: Asia, the European middle ages, the Renaissance, North American exploration, and conflict and resolution. Activities include rewriting a textbook account of the Battle of Bunker Hill; deciding upon the root causes of witch hunts during the Renaissance; and judging the characters of Columbus, Cromwell, Malinche and more.

Available in PDF format only.

Exemplars in Historical Thinking
20th Century Canada

This resource presents a collection of nine critical challenges to engage students in thinking historically about a wide range of events and people in 20th century Canada. The critical challenges build on a conception of historical thinking articulated by Peter Seixas of the University of British Columbia. The resource models how teachers and students can use these ideas to raise critical questions and to think more deeply about history. The challenges are built around various featured topics in 20th century Canadian history, but teachers can adapt the lessons to engage students in thinking about a wide range of historical events and people.

Leçons modèles de pensée historique :
le XXe siècle au Canada

Les défis d’analyse critique dans cette collection sont issus du concept de la pensée historique de Peter Seixas de l’université de la Colombie-Britannique. Ce concept développé en détail dans la publication de TC² intitulée « Enseigner la pensée historique » est axé sur six concepts : importance historique, cause et consequence, continuité et changement, appel aux sources et interpretation, perspective historique et jugement éthique.

Cette ressource sert de modèle aux enseignantes, aux enseignants et aux élèves pour utiliser ces six concepts permettant de poser des questions critiques et de réfléchir davantage à l’histoire. Les défis sont articulés autour de l’histoire du Canada au XXe siècle, mais le personnel enseignant peut adapter les leçons pour faire réfléchir les élèves à un large éventail d’événements et de personnages historiques.

Social studies

Selected Challenges in Social Studies – Intermediate/Middle School

The focus of this collection of 13 challenges is intermediate/middle school social studies. Themes include ancient civilizations, Canadian history, the Canadian north, "Canada Present" and media. Critical challenge topics include Roman gladiators, the Cariboo Gold Rush, travel in the Arctic and the role of TV in our lives.

Available in PDF format only.

Active Citizenship: Student Action Projects

This TC² print resource provides a framework for elementary and secondary teachers to guide students in planning and implementing a social action project. Students learn to clarify the problem, agree on a solution, plan a course of action and implement and evaluate the action.

Caring for Young People’s Rights

The seven challenges in this resource foster understanding of the nature and range of basic human rights and appreciation of the importance of protecting these rights. Human rights are personalized through real-life profiles of young people in a variety of developing countries. Students then translate the shortfalls in these young people's daily lives into statements about the rights to which everyone is entitled in order to in order to enjoy a minimum quality of life. Students assume the role of development director in planning a project to secure the rights of the young people they have been reading about.

The student materials for this publication are available in French.

La protection des droits de la jeunesse :
Feuilles reproductibles en français

est une unité conçue pour aider les élèves à l’école élémentaire et secondaire à comprendre et à réfléchir à l’importance des droits fondamentaux de la jeunesse autour du monde. On utilise une variété de pays défavorisés pour personnaliser les droits de la jeunesse. Les élèves identifient les lacunes dans la vie quotidienne de ces jeunes afin de déterminer les besoins qui assurent une qualité de vie minimale. Les élèves assument le rôle de directeur d’un projet de développement visant à garantir les droits de la jeunesse.

Gratuites avec l’achat de la ressource anglaise. Les notes pédagogiques qui expliquent comment utiliser les fiches d’information, les tableaux, les documents et les grilles d’évaluation ne sont pas disponibles en français. Il faudra consulter la version complète en anglais afin d’utiliser efficacement les fiches reproductibles ci-jointes.

Globalizing Connections: Canada and the Developing World

This resource presents a framework for analyzing the historical roots, contemporary challenges and Canadian responses to globalization in eight areas of human interaction. This resource includes detailed teaching activities to introduce the idea of globalization and to help students analyze the global dynamics of various economic, political, environmental and social phenomena. In addition to teacher instructions, student activity sheets and assessments rubrics, the print resource offers detailed briefing sheets on the historical and contemporary developments of five phenomena: catastrophic diseases, water use, food supply, human migration and communication. Three other phenomena are addressed in the online supplement.